Treading a Spiritual Path:
Hiking Shaker Mountain

Treading a Spiritual Path: Hiking Shaker Mountain

In this place, footfalls seem softer. The air somehow seems easier to breathe, and the rays of sunshine that stream between the birches and pines more brilliant. The soil even smells sweeter. In this place, where water shushes through rock-strewn brooks and the wind plays the trees like tambourines, centuries-old history comes alive like a heartbeat.

This place is Shaker Mountain.

Not as imposing as Mount Greylock or as well traveled as Monument Mountain, Shaker Mountain, located off Route 20 across from the Hancock Shaker Village, possesses all the qualities of a great hike—a gorgeous woodland setting, varied terrain, and natural water sources—with highlights no other Berkshire trek can duplicate.

The main trail on Shaker Mountain, part of the Pittsfield State Forest, was established by the Hancock Shakers in 1842 and abandoned by the 1860s. Almost a century later, local Boy Scout leader John Manners uncovered the foundations of Shaker buildings among the overgrowth and reconstructed the trail.

From the get-go, the Boy Scout Trail—6.5 miles long, with a moderate, 790-foot elevation gain—is different. It runs counterclockwise, and lacks wide-open summits and views. It’s practically unknown to casual hikers, making it ideal for solitude and reflection. Even under the densest late-summer plant growth, it’s still easy to navigate. And according to René Laubach, author of AMC’s Best Day Hikes in the Berkshires, “It’s not just a place in the woods. There’s a palpable history feeling.”

The remnants of precision-engineered Shaker walls add historical context to the serenity of the forest; submitted photo.
The remnants of precision-engineered Shaker walls add historical context to the serenity of the forest; submitted photo.

This is because of the archaeological remains that dot the trail, especially the initial mile and a half, which have been called “a living natural document to the spiritual and industrial life of the Shakers.”

First up is the Shaker Reservoir, constructed in 1790, an impressive bit of engineering that held 3.5 million gallons of water and supplied, via underground aqueduct, the village’s sophisticated water-delivery system. Just past the reservoir are the foundations of a sawmill, a thrashing mill, a gristmill, and a textile mill, all of which had burned to the ground or been dismantled for scrap by the early 1900s. All this evidence of industriousness gives proof to the “hands-to-work” part of the he famous Shaker motto “Hands to work; hearts to God.”

Although the summit of Shaker Mountain is achieved after a rise of close to 800 feet, many segments along the 6.5 mile run require only mild to moderate effort; submitted photo.

What comes next, then, is hearts to God. After crossing a footbridge, the trail winds uphill, culminating at 1,845 feet in a clearing marked by a low white wooden fence. This is Mount Sinai, named for the biblical location where Moses received the Ten Commandments, and was where the line between the celestial and corporeal realms blurred during the Shakers’ yearly spring and fall worship services.

Hancock Shaker Village announces two free hikes.
Both hikes are part of the 2019 Housatonic Heritage Walks organized by the Upper Housatonic Valley National Heritage Area.

Geology walk (Sunday, September 8, 2:00–3:30 p.m.)
Spend an afternoon at Hancock Shaker Village exploring the rocks, stones, landforms, evidence of glaciation, and more. The walk includes time in the historic village—where you’ll examine fence posts, steps (including one with fossils), foundations, walls, and flooring—and out on the Farm & Forest Trail, where you’ll look for evidence of quarries and other secrets of the earth. The walk is rated easy but may include walking on uneven terrain.

History hike (Saturday, September 14, 1:00–4:00 p.m.)
Hike the Shaker Trail from Hancock Shaker Village to Mount Sinai, a spiritual “feasting ground” for the Shaker community. Twice a year in the mid-nineteenth century, the whole Shaker village would climb the hill, singing as they walked, to worship at the summit. The hike includes stops at remains of mill sites, the North Family dwelling site (active from 1821–1867), and the summit of the mountain. Moderate to strenuous hike of about 2.5 miles.

Both the geology walk and history hike are free; admission to the Village is not required. Pre-registration is strongly encouraged as space is limited. To register, visit or call 413.443.0188. For more information on Housatonic Heritage Walks, visit

This space was called their feast grounds, not in connection with food, but a feast of spiritual goodness. They would sing, dance, and receive visions of heavenly blessing. They would also receive visitations from angels and departed spirits.

With all the history packed into the early portion of the Boy Scout Trail, the remainder might seem to be, well, all downhill. However, on the descent from Mount Sinai there’s a fragmented stone wall that once bordered open pastures. Near the top of a second worship site (Holy Mount, used by the New Lebanon Shakers) is an exceptionally well-preserved piece of dry-laid wall about 12 feet long and three feet wide at the base—a testament to Shaker craftsmanship.

Dappled late-Summer sun creates an ocean of green tranquility perfect for contemplation of topics as large as the universe or as small as a pretty stone on the trail; submitted photo.

Down another slope the woods thicken, with branches and vines reaching out to trail eager fingers along jackets and boots. At the bottom lies Sacred Gap, a natural amphitheater once used for prayer and reflection. Tucked behind a limestone quarry, it offers a remarkable concert of birdsong, the chittering of woodland animals, the rustling of leaves, and the gurgling of a stream.

Around the bend stands the 120-foot High Dam, built circa 1810 and used for powering an overshot wheel that, in turn, powered a two-story sawmill. The trail meanders past it, back out through a shrubby field, and opens into a wide vista of the village. Laubach says, “It’s a natural outdoor extension of the village, but it has sort of a lost-world feeling. It feels out-there, tranquil.” Simply put, a hike on Shaker Mountain is an inimitable experience, a walking meditation on natural beauty, history, and the vagaries of time.

Editor’s Note: A version of this story first appeared in the July 2013 issue of Berkshire Magazine.

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